A business entity can provide personal liability protection for its owners. The problem is that many people start business without proper instruction on how to run and manage agreements between parties, agreements with customers, internal paperwork, cash controls, voting rules, state and Federal reporting requirements and a host of other issues.
In fact, we have found between 20 to 25 actions, behaviors, or neglected tasks which commonly cause a business structure to be forfeited and can result in personal liability for the owner or owners. Here are 5 of them:
Using The Business For Fraudulent Activities
You Cannot, Should Not, and Shall Not use your Business to Cheat or Defraud! For example, John Smith gathers money from investors claiming that he will develop a new product for his company. He never had planned to use this money for product development. He is sued by the investors, but John claims that his personal assets are protected since he was acting as the president of his limited liability company. No court will honor the limited liability company since fraud was involved. His personal assets and business assets will be at risk.
You may think that since this is an egregious example, it wont ever happen to you. However consider the fact that many deals struck with the so-called ˜motivated sellers could give rise to a lawsuit under your states Deceptive Trade Practices Act (DTPA) or similar statute. Sometimes the line is not so clear. One bit of wisdom is to make sure that your agreements are fair:
You also cant be wholly unfair or flagrantly one-sided when dealing with customers. A court can always look at a one sided transaction and either decide against you. Even worse a judge could declare that you are using the business to promote unfair dealings. This is bad news for you!
Ask Yourself: Would you want to be the buyer/customer on the other end of your deal? Despite popular conception you can structure ˜win-win deals with motivated sellers and make money. Ever hear of karma? Everything you do to or for another person will one day be done to or for you¦so be fair!
Failure To Respect The Business As Separate From Its Owners
You shall not mix funds from business accounts with your personal funds, accounts, etc. Do not use company money to buy personal assets, groceries, etc. Simply put, if you do any of these things routinely (or perhaps only once) then your business structure is not likely to hold up in court. If you think this is another easy one¦then WATCH OUT, because there are other more complex issues relating to the use of business and personal assets in the business. For more information see some of our top-rated courses.
Insufficient Capitalization: The Failure To Properly Capitalize The Business
In other words, A Lack of Reserves and/or insurance coverage. If your business does not have enough capital and/or insurance to cover operating expenses and potential liabilities then a state court will likely ˜pierce the business entity and hold the owners personally liable. Why would a court do this? The reason is to ˜find the money.
Your business must have enough insurance and/or savings to cover expenses, liabilities, and obligations. The amount of capitalization generally refers to the total value of assets (equipment, cash, etc.) in the company and the amount of insurance coverage. This is another COMPLEX area because you may need more or less ˜capi talization based on your business type. A general rule is: The more you deal with the public, the generally the greater your required level of capital.
Forgetting To File State Reports
Your secretary of states office will require you to keep up with reports and state taxes (sometimes called franchise taxes and/or business privilege taxes). If you dont keep up with these reports and/or taxes (even if nominal amounts are owed) your business privileges will likely be revoked. Guess what privilege goes first?: The personal liability protection.
These include meetings, paperwork, required records, proper roles and obligations among the parties, and transfers of ownership interests, and more. It is very rare that we see full step-by-step and easy-to-follow details on creating ˜iron-clad records in these areas. For state liability protection and the ability to satisfy IRS auditors you need to understand these rules!
The list does not stop here, because we have found between 20 to 25 areas which are common traps for the business owner. While we have covered 5, many of the others are very easy to miss but just as important. Please make sure you get proper instruction on how to run your business entity after it is created! The true ˜lost art is learning how to maintain the protection of your LLC or corporation.
The author, Darius M. Barazandeh, Esq. is a licensed attorney in the state of Texas. In addition to his legal knowledge he has a Masters Degree (M.B.A.) in Business Finance and brings experience from numerous fields including tax sale investing, real estate construction, corporate finance, and business consulting. Frustrated by the lack of realistic information regarding tax foreclosure sales and other investments, he is “unlocking the secrets” to many of these creative investment methods with his unique ‘clear cut’ writing style, attention to detail, and legal knowledge.
Information contained within this article was not intended to be, nor should it be taken by the reader as legal, financial or tax advice. The above article was written for educational purposes only. If the services of a Texas attorney, or real estate mentor or coach are desired, please contact Darius Barazandeh or seek the services of another professional.
This post provided by REIClub.com for real estate investors. Copyright 2002-2011 All Rights Reserved. Published with Permission of Author. No part of this publication may be copied or reprinted without the express written permission of the Author and/or REIClub.com.
Check out our Landlord Forms page.
American Apartment Owners Association offers discounts on products and services for landlords related to your rental housing investment, including rental forms, tenant debt collection, tenant background checks, insurance and financing. Find out more at www.joinaaoa.org.