Axiometrics, the Dallas-based leader in apartment research and reporting, found that effective rent growth rose to 3.4% in April, up from 3.1% in March 2014 and 3.2% in April 2013. Increased occupancy and burgeoning job growth provide landlords the ability to push rents higher.
Apartment occupancy increased in April to 94.8%, a 60 basis point rise since the beginning of the year. Meanwhile, job growth was 1.6% in March, and the unemployment rate dropped to 6.3% in April. As a result, Axiometrics analysts say, more people were looking for housing in what is already a landlord’s market.
“These outstanding April numbers exceeded expectations,” said Jay Denton, Axiometrics Vice President of Research. “Whether performance continues to exceed expectations for the rest of the year will depend on numerous factors.”
For example, more than 200,000 new units are slated for delivery during the rest of 2014, according to Axiometrics’ surveys of properties under construction or in the planning stages. And new wrinkles always arise: For example, many mortgage lenders in early May started lowering credit-score requirements, meaning more renters could join the home-buying market.
How this reconciles with the bias toward renting among people in their 20s and 30s remains to be seen. Axiometrics’ forecasts that occupancy will slow down and draw closer to the long-term average by the end of the year as supply begins to catch up with demand.
Class A Building Strength Though Class B properties continue to generate the strongest annualized effective rent growth among asset classes in April at 3.6%, the newer, shinier Class A properties surged in April, jumping to 3.5% growth from 2.6% in March, according to Axiometrics statistics.
Class A effective rent growth is the highest since June 2013 and marks recovery from a dip that took the rate as low as 2.1% in November 2013. Class B properties had a much smaller dip in effective rent growth, bottoming out at 3.0% in November and December 2013. Class C effective rent growth has been relatively steady, though that rate declined slightly in April, dropping to 3.3% from March’s 3.5%.
Classes A and B both sport an occupancy rate of 95.1%, up from 94.9% in March. Class C occupancy lags at 93.9% for April, up from 93.6% in March and almost one full percentage point higher than the 93.0% of April 2013.
Top- and Bottom-Performing Markets As has been the trend, California, Florida and Texas placed several markets among the best-performing metro areas for annualized effective rent and revenue growth.
Odessa, Texas, with the thriving Eagle Ford Shale in its backyard, tops the chart for a consecutive month, though its rate of growth has declined in the past year. Naples, Fla., is No. 2 and has been among the leaders for several months. Unlike Odessa, its effective rent and revenue growth rates are soaring compared to the previous year.
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